an initiative of brand new type to revive the rich calligraphic traditions of indic scripts. the idea is to go back to the source and understand how these scripts are originally written and read. by studying and documenting the history and traditions of different scripts in india, brand new type aims to develop high quality digital typefaces for modern usage.

Sanamahi and Pakhangba

The typefaces 'Pakhangba' and 'Sanamahi' were the outcome of a project entitled 'Meetei Mayek: the ignored face'. The project investigates the history of the indigenous script of Manipur – 'Meetei Mayek' – and documents the current scenario of this script. The intention behind designing these typefaces is to revive a dying script. This is why they focus purely on anatomy, with no additional decorations.

'Pakhangba' is a humanist typeface based on the organic and calligraphic flow of the hand while writing. The construction of each letterform has been carefully studied, and is reflected in the elegant anatomy of 'Pakhangba'. 'Sanamahi', on the other hand, is geometric with bold and firm letterforms and is intended for display text.

As they were the first two typefaces designed, 'Pakhanga' and 'Sanamahi' will be refined and revisited to include more weights and styles.
client  Research & Publication, National Institute of Design
designer  neelakash k.
year  2006


In the beginning of the 18th century, as a result of political and cultural changes, the Bengali script replaced Meetei Mayek — the indigenous script of Manipur (a north-eastern state of India bordering Myanmar). Since then, the people of Manipur have been using the Bengali script for writing Meeteilon, the main spoken language of Manipur. This led to the introduction of new sounds in the Meeteilon from the Bengali script. Hence, during this period some new and modified letterforms were added for these sounds in Meetei Mayek. However after a number of conferences, the scholars have finally concluded that Meetei Mayek consists of 27 letteforms with their supplements. After almost 250 years, in 2005-06, the Government of Manipur officially approved the Meetei Mayek and included in the academic curriculum of Manipur Education. The new generation is learning Meetei Mayek instead of Bengali script to read and write Meeteilon.

As the new generation is learning Meetei Mayek and it is slowly replacing the Bengali script, new typefaces will also be required for various forms of communication. At present there are only a few typefaces, of questionable quality. Very limited research has been done on Meetei Mayek from the typographic point of view. Besides, there is a need to develop a system or guideline for designing Meetei Mayek typefaces.